tarsus in paul's day

Tarsus continued to receive special privileges under Augustus, who exempted the city from imperial taxation because Athenodorus, his teacher and friend, was a Tarsian. Nave's Topical Index 16 —18). Encyclopedia article on Tarsus from a Catholic perspective. Stream Our Stations of the Cross. Encyclopedia entry on Tarsus. While it is not impossible that Paul, a Jew from Tarsus, could have had Roman citizenship bestowed on him, it is unlikely that citizenship would have had the influence described in the book of Acts. Tarsus grew into a cultural and intellectual center. A lengthier article tracing the city’s history. The Tarsus gate of Cleopatra, also called the “Sea Gate,” still stands today, though it has been significantly restored. Paul wrote some of the most beautiful and important passages in the whole of the Bible. Little of Tarsus during the time of Paul has been excavated due to the location of the modern city of Cumhuriyet Alani atop the ruins. Everything known about him comes from the biblical book of Acts, the epistles which make up most of the Christian New Testament, and other narratives (such as The Acts of Paul and Thecla) not included in the Bible. "But we should be wrong in supposing that the general population of the province was of Greek origin, or spoke the Greek tongue. It was well-known for its culture of Greek philosophy, literature and wealth. Tarsus in Cilicia, on the banks of the river Cydnus, by which it maintained an extensive commerce, was a distinguished seat of Greek philosophy and literature, and, from the number of its schools and learned men, is ranked by Strabo (xiv. Agrippa’s father was King Agrippa I, who beheaded the apostle James and arrested Peter in an attempt to kill him also. The Roman City of Tarsus in Cilicia and its Terracotta Figurines (Les Carnets de l’ ACoSt). 69 Reviews 1 Q&A. The New Testament references the apostle Paul in relation to his hometown of Tarsus several times (Acts 9:11, 30, 11:25, 21:39, 22:3). A series of old photographs taken during the Near East Expedition of Francis W. Kelsey in 1920. Why did Barnabas think that Saul would be in Tarsus? As a child, Paul was raised in Jerusalem and properly educated under the tutelage of Gamaliel, a member of the Sanhedrin. Kervan Humus (138) 4 min $$ - $$$ Mediterranean. The Predication of Saint Paul, in Los Angeles County Museum of Art. Paul of Tarsus (a city in Cilicia, in what is now Turkey), was also known by the Jewish name of Saul. Paul's reference to the place of his birth and the Roman citizenship it made possible helped him avoid being whipped by the Romans (Acts 22:22 - 29). Tarsus / ˈ t ɑːr s ə s / (Hittite: Tarsa; Greek: Ταρσός Tarsós; Armenian: Տարսոն Tarson; Arabic: طَرَسُوس ‎ Ṭarsūs) is a historic city in south-central Turkey, 20 km (12 miles) inland from the Mediterranean.It is part of the Adana-Mersin metropolitan area, the fourth-largest metropolitan area in Turkey with a population of 3 million people. Antony, who controlled the eastern provinces, declared the city free in 42 BC. Built " in one and the same day with Anchiale," by Sardanapalus. Excavations have turned up a paved city street of Tarsus along with a colonnaded podium, which may date to the 2nd century BC. . A.D. 6 Born a Roman citizen to Jewish parents in Tarsus (in modern eastern Turkey)c. 20–30 Studies Torah in Jerusalem with Gamaliel; becomes a … Unlike Jesus, Paul grew up in a big city called Tarsus, which is located in modern day Turkey. Paul’s trade, tentmaking, fits well with Tarsus, a city well-known for making a certain type of felt cloth from the wool of shaggy black goats. I am verily a man who am a Jew, born in Tarsus, a city in Cilicia, yet brought up in this city at the feet of Gamaliel, and taught according to the perfect manner of the law of the fathers, being zealous towards God, as ye all are this day. Paul was born in the city of Tarsus, capital of the province of Cilicia. "Situated near the western border of the Cilician plain, where the river Cydnus flows in a cold and rapid stream, from the snows of Taurus to the sea, was the city of Tarsus, the capital of the whole province, and "no mean city" (Acts 21:39) in the history of the ancient world. From his description it is evident that its main character was that of a Greek city, where the Greek language was spoken, and Greek literature studiously cultivated. The Emperor Pompey made Cilicia a Roman province in 64 BC, and its capital, Tarsus, was a free city from the time of Augustus. Tarsus was the birthplace of many distinguished men, among them the Apostle Paul. Free cities in the Roman empire were allowed to govern themselves by their own laws and customs, and given the privelage of selecting their own magistrates. 29 Restaurants within 0.75 miles. Tarsus, Biblical Sites in Turkey, Biblical Tour Guide is a web site where we share with you our knowledge and offer you our top services. Harpers Dictionary of Classical Antiquities. Saul, the future Saint Paul, was born in Tarsus a Roman Citizen and a devout Jew (Acts 22:28, Philippians 3:4-5). the city's library held 200,000 books, including a huge collection of scientific works. Tarsus (Livius). Weymouth New Testament "I am a Jew, born at Tarsus … Those born in such free cities (like the Apostle Paul) were deemed to be citizens of the Roman Empire and could therefore exercise the privileges and rights granted to those with a Rome-based citizenship. $138.00 per adult. While Jesus spent his whole life in the Jewish homeland, Judea, Paul … The city became the capital of the Cilicia region when it was under Roman occupation, and was briefly renamed "Juliopolis" in … It was believed that Cleopatra sailed up the Cydnus disguised as Aphrodite and came through this gate in 41 BC on her way to meet Mark Antony. Are there any principles which will be a sufficient guide to them in the choice of a profession or calling? Legend says that St. Paul often drank from this well, said to have special curative properties. The apostle Paul’s charge to Titus is “to set right what was left undone and, as I directed you, to appoint elders in every town” (1:5). Parish Office: 586-228-1210 Religious Ed: 586-228-6651 Food Pantry: 586-228-1094 41300 Romeo Plank Road, Clinton Township, Michigan 48038 Describes the city’s famous gate. Cleopatra’s Gate in Tarsus (Turkish Archaeological News). A prosperous city in the first century, St. Pauls pride in his home is evident when he says I am a Jew, of Tarsus in Cilicia, a citizen of no mean city' (Acts 21: 39). "Its (Tarsus') coins reveal to us its greatness through a long series of years:- alike in the period which intervened between Xerxes and Alexander, - and under the Roman sway, when it exulted in the name of Metropolis, - and long after Hadrian had rebuilt it, and issued his new coinage with the old mythological types . Tarsus, Capital of Cilicia, on Cydmus fl., at one time near its mouth, but now 13 m. inland. He was forced to return to his hometown due to his … "Strabo says that, in all that relates to philosophy and general education, it (the city) was even more illustrious than Athens and Alexandria. On the great day of Pentecost, Jews from throughout the Greco-Roman world traveled to Jerusalem to worship God (Acts 2:5–12). The Early Years Of Saul Of Tarsus Introduction I. Tarsus is situated on the South coast of Turkey on the shores of the Mediterranean Sea and is still a commercial centre today, as it was in Paul's day. The pictures on this website are copyrighted and may be used only with permission. . It was a free city, and a place of culture and learning. The city was given the status of being "free" by Roman Emperor Augustus as a thanks for its efforts during Rome's civil wars. For more details, see copyright information. They stay here teaching the new believers for a year. Acts 11:25-26 Barnabas goes to Tarsus in 43AD and brings Paul back to Antioch (see 3 & 4 on Map 20). Grab this full day trip Green Busra and observed the classic antiquity. The New Testament references the apostle Paul in relation to his hometown of Tarsus several times (Acts 9:11, 30, 11:25, 21:39, 22:3). Paul, a name he may have had thanks to his Roman citizenship, was born early in the first century CE or late in the last century BCE in a Greek-speaking area of the Roman Empire . Apostle to the Gentiles, Martyr; Born: c. 5 AD Tarsus, Cilicia, Roman Empire (Modern-day Turkey) : Died: c. 64/67 AD (aged 61–62 or 64–65) Rome, Roman Empire: Venerated in Tarsus was about 80 miles (130 kilometers) northwest of Antioch. Mass Saturday beginning at 4:00 pm and all day Sunday. Located in Tekke, east of the medieval wall in Tarsus, this is actually a Roman temple dating to the second century A.D. Tarsus was the hometown of the apostle Paul (Acts 9:11), a city of great importance (21:39) as a learning center of the ancient world, alongside Alexandria and Athens. Pompey, the great Roman military general, placed Tarsus under the control of Rome. Paul was a follower of the Law and he became “both a Pharisee and a persecutor of Jesus-followers” (TTP, 20). He was born to Jewish parents who possessed Roman citizenship, a coveted privilege that their son would also possess. Young men now cannot hope for any such direct and infallible guidance. Acts mentions St. Paul's Tarsus citizenship only twice (Acts 21: 39; Heb 22: 3) and does not give any information about it. Acts 11:26 The believers are called ‘Christians’ for the first time at Antioch. Alexander almost met his demise in the city after he had taken a bath in Cydnus. Gallery of photographs of Nemrut Dag. Tarsus was also the place where Egyptian Queen Cleopatra and Mark Antony met for the first time and where they held celebrated feasts during the construction of their fleet (41 B.C.). (chapter 1, section "Tarsus and Cicero"). We pick up Paul's life during his early travels before conducting his first missionary journey. V. Longlois, a traveler during the Middle Ages, identified this structure as the tomb of Sardanapalus, an Assyrian who was killed during the siege of Nineveh ca. pp. A compilation of entries on Tarsus from several Bible dictionaries and encyclopedias. Tarsus pictures – Turkey (Dick Osseman). How did Paul's family arrive in Tarsus? Best nearby. Understanding Paul’s Jewish background does influence how we, as modern-day Christians, read Paul’s letters. We certainly don’t know his name. Includes a photo of Cleopatra’s Gate (apparently called St. Paul’s Gate at the time) and the Roman temple. The Roman City of Tarsus in Cilicia and its Terracotta Figurines. Website +90 324 613 18 65. His birth name was no doubt Saul while Paul (Paulus) was his Roman name which he naturally would have used more in his missionary work among the Gentiles. A more technical discussion of certain finds from the site. Excavations have turned up a paved city street of Tarsus along with a colonnaded podium, which may date to the 2nd century BC. By the first century A.D., Jews had settled in almost every country of the civilized world. But what we know for sure is that Paul, who used to be called by his Jewish name Saul of Tarsus before converting to Christianity, spent about 30 … Tarsus was the headquarters of a Persian satrapy (a Persian governor who rules over a particular jurisdiction or province) for a period of time starting from around 400 B.C. Such free cities like Tarsus were also not subject to having Roman guards stationed within its gates. The Life and Epistles of Paul by Conybeare and Howson states the following regarding the apostle's place of birth. Its schools of learning rivaled and excelled even those found in Athens and Alexandria. During Paul’s time, this was a city which enjoyed no taxation. ... St. Paul of Tarsus Catholic Parish. Reading Paul’s letters and Acts of the Apostles we learn that Paul was born in Tarsus, in modern day Eastern Turkey; he was a tent maker by trade, was an avid student under the top Jewish teacher in Jerusalem and was also a Roman citizen. Little of Tarsus during the time of Paul has been excavated due to the location of the modern city of Cumhuriyet Alani atop the ruins. - Harry Thurston Peck. The Hittites first dominated the city, followed by the powerful Assyrian Empire and then the massive empire of Persia. Provides a historical summary of Tarsus. Here you can find information about the history of ancient Turkey, about biblical sites to visit in Turkey and Greece, major Christian Saints, missionary journeys of St. Paul and Seven Churches of St. John. The Apostle Paul’s Birth & Educationc. In addition, remains have been found from the Bronze Age, baths, a Hellenistic portico, a Roman theater, and many terracotta figurines of deities, animals, people, and various mythological creatures. Feast of the Epiphany. 673, 674), with Athens and Alexandria. Paul was a Roman citizen by birth, and Tarsus, where Paul was born, was a free city (see Acts 21:39). Around 171 B.C. A second part can be found here. It soon became the capital city of Cilicia (the province in which the city existed) and the place where the province's governor lived. I am truly a man which am a Jew, born in Tarsus, a city in Cilicia, yet brought up in this city at the feet of Gamaliel, and taught according to the perfect manner of the law of the fathers, and was zealous toward God, as you all are this day. Students may use the material on this site for school projects without permission. The undefeated Grecian military leader Alexander the Great traveled through Tarsus with his massive army in 333 B.C. Notably, Jewish citizens of Tarsus were granted Roman citizenship. Church members bring Paul down to Caesarea by the sea, and from Caesarea they sent him to Tarsus (Acts 9:30). Tarsus has a history going back over 2,000 years. He also used his rights of citizenship, given to him in Tarsus, when he appealed to have a case against him (started by Jews) be heard in Rome by Caesar himself (Acts 25:10 - 12). More info. Saul of Tarsus was born in approximately AD 5 in the city of Tarsus in Cilicia (in modern-day Turkey). King Agrippa II was the great-grandson of Herod the Great, who had attempted to kill infant Jesus and who did kill many baby boys in Judea. Purchasers of the Photo Companion to the Bible and the Pictorial Library of Bible Lands are granted liberal usage rights for the images for personal and educational purposes. When Cyrus came with his army from the Western Coast, and still later, when Alexander penetrated into Cilicia, they found the inhabitants "Barbarians." ... Acts 21:39 - But Paul said, I am a man [which am] a Jew of Tarsus, [a city] in Cilicia, a citizen of no mean city: and, I beseech thee, suffer me to speak unto the people. No:14 Caminur, Tarsus Turkey. Tarsus (Ancient History Encyclopedia). Contrary t… Printable Acts of Spiritual Communion. New York. During this time of Pompey (67 BC), Tarsus was made capital over the Roman province of Cilicia, and Jews began to receive Roman citizenship. We know almost nothing about the father of the Apostle Paul. “Strabo, speaking of the time of Sulla, says (about 85 B. St.Paul's Church, Tarsus: See 69 reviews, articles, and 114 photos of St.Paul's Church, ranked No.10 on Tripadvisor among 22 attractions in Tarsus. Harper and Brothers. 7 Other Attractions within 0.75 miles. Tarsus (NET Bible). Tarsus (Catholic Encyclopedia). Stoic philosophers like Athenodorus, Zeno, Antipater, and Nestor lived in the city in the first century AD. Paul (Saul) was brought up in a Jewish household in Tarsus (TTP, 20). Images of Tarsus, Turkey (University of Michigan). A. (Masses will continue to be available on our Archive Page.) 612 BC. Tarsus, Mersin (Wikipedia). There is some suspicion that Paul’s parents or ancestors were taken to Tarsus as prisoners of war. The road from Jerusalem to Damascus owes its fame to an event occurring along it about the year A.D. 34. While Roman citizenship did indeed confer legal status on the bearer, citizenship’s largest impact was social. "And as day was about to dawn, Paul implored them all to take food, saying, "Today is the fourteenth day you have waited and continued without food, and eaten nothing. In about AD 10, Saul’s family moved to Jerusalem. In the case of Saul of Tarsus, it was determined by the declared purpose of the Redeemer (Acts xxvi. Mary's Way of the Cross. 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